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Somatic cells (diploid) are any cells forming the body of an organism, as opposed to germline cells. In mammals, germline cells (also known as gametes) are the spermatozoa and ova which fuse during fertilization to produce a cell called a zygote, from which the entire mammalian embryo develops. Every other cell type in the mammalian body apart from the sperm and ova, the cells from which they are made (gametocytes) and undifferentiated stem cells is a somatic cell: internal organs, skin, bones, blood, and connective tissue are all made up of somatic cells.

by vinus



18-Jun-10, 8:34 am

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